Origins and Migrations of The Thais

According to various historical sources, the Thais might have originated in western and north-western Szechuan. Like the Chinese, the Thais belong to the Mongolian stock. From the sixth century B.C. onwards, Chinese annals made frequent references to the Thais as the “barbarians” south of the Yang-tse-kiang. The Chinese gradually began to encroach upon them and press them hard. Due to their lack of unity, the Thais could not organize an effective resistance to the Chinese rule and most were eventually absorbed by them, while others made attempts to preserve their independence. In order to attain their objective, they started their southward migrations gradually and intermittently.


The Thais followed the river valleys in their movements towards the south. The western group of Thais descended along the Salween river where they settled down and became Shans or so-called Great Thais. Choosing the Mekong valley as its home, the eastern group spread its influence to Tonking, and constituted the ancestry of the Laotians, while the middle group emigrated into Thailand. These last two groups have been referred to as the Little Thais.

An Outline of Thai History

  1. Origins and Migrations of The Thais
  2. The Indo-Chinese Peninsula Before The Arrival of The Thais
  3. The Early Thai Principalities
  4. Sukhothai Under The Pra Ruang Dynasty
  5. Ayutthaya From Its Foundation As The Capital To Its First Fall
  6. Ayutthaya From The Restoration of Thai Independence By King Naresuan To Its End
  7. King Tak Sin of Thonburi (1767-1782)
  8. King Rama I (1782-1809), King Rama II (1809-1824) and King Rama III (1824-1851)
  9. Modernization of Thailand
  10. The Democratic Period

A Survey of Thai Arts and Architectural Attractions

  • An Outline of Thai History
  • Geography of Thailand
  • Buddhism
  • Thai Culture and Tradition
  • The Arts of Thailand
  • Literature and Art Related to Religion in Thailand
  • Thai Dance and Music
  • Visiting Buddhist Temples
  • Temple Architecture and Related Decorative Arts
  • Bangkok and Its Important Places
  • Wat Phra Si Ratana Sasdaram (Wat Phra Kaeo)
  • The Grand Palace
  • Wat Phra Chetuphon (Wat Pho)
  • Wat Arun (The Temple of Dawn)
  • Wat Su-That
  • Wat Benchamabophit (The Marble Temple)
  • Wat Ratchabophit
  • Phra Pathom Chedi and Phutthamonthon
  • Places of Interest in Ayutthaya
  • Places of Interest in Lop Buri
  • The Buddha’s Footprint in Saraburi
  • Places of Interest in Phetchaburi
  • Ancient Ruins and Historical Sites in Kanchanaburi
  • Places of Interest in Kamphaeng Phet and Phitsanulok
  • Places of Interest in Sukhothai and Si Satchanalai

Trip to Sangkhlaburi District–Kanchanaburi Province (Day 1)

Before the end of the year 2014, I planned a trip to Kanchanaburi Provice which located at the west of Thailand. One of the target place is “Uttamanusorn Bridge (สะพานอุตตมานุสรณ์)” (or “Mon Bridge (สะพานมอญ)”, the longest wooden-bridge; 442 Metres long, in Thailand.

“Wat Wang Wiwekaram” – This is the most important and most revered Buddhist temple in Sangkhlaburi district, where Thai and Mon people live together peacefully. The temple was built to replace the previous temple which is now underwater. The story goes that the now deceased Luangpo Uttama monk moved all the whole Mon village, most of whom are stateless people, uphill to settle at the current location allocating plots of land for every family to live around the temple. One kilometer from the temple finds Chedi Buddhagaya that contains Lord Buddha’s relic locals and visitors come to pray for lucks and prosperity.

I’d like to recommend you should rent a long tail boat to visit the old place of Wat Wang Wiwekaram at not more than 350 THB. Believe me, you’ll enjoy this.